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What is inclusion?

Hello, my scientific friend. How are you doing? May we all be given health by him, amen. Oh yes, scientific friends must be around you, there are children who suffer from inclusion. 

Then maybe you ostracize or even you don't want to be friends with them because they have a different physique in general, but don't get wrong sometimes the inclusion children have their respective advantages. 

Instead, we are confused or maybe someone doesn't know what inclusion is. We discuss first what is Inclusion? So what are the various inclusion children and how to care for them? We look carefully.

What Causes Thinking Skills of Children to Decline?

What is inclusion definition?

Inclusion is the union of children who have disabilities or disabilities into school programs in a realistic and comprehensive manner. Inclusion children are also commonly referred to as ABK (Children with Special Needs). 

They also have different characteristics, both physically, emotionally and mentally with other children. 

What is inclusion in education?

Characteristics do not always refer to their physical, emotional, or mental inability, but especially to their differences. 

Children with special needs are also educated with other children (normal) to optimize their potential. Because inclusion children also have special abilities in themselves, not only that they also have extraordinary talent. 

Therefore, for your scientific friends, if around us there are children with special needs, don't be shunned, but approach him so that he can easily socialize with other people and get used to being in the surrounding environment.

Inclusions types

There are 2 types of inclusions in the first two in terms of the second physical characteristics in terms of psychological characteristics.

1. Physical characteristics of inclusions

  • Blind people: children who experience obstacles or disorders in their vision. But that does not mean that people who wear glasses are called people with special needs because, in this case, what we mean is visually impaired because indeed from birth he has experienced a visual impairment or an accident that causes the eye to be defective.
  • Deaf: children who experience obstacles in terms of hearing, can be permanent or not permanent
  • Speech: children who experience interference with the delivery of messages with words or talks. Usually, this disorder is suffered by children who stutter in the pronunciation of words.
  • Tunadaksa: children who experience physical disruption can be due to a shortage/disability due to an accident.

2. Psychological characteristics of inclusions

  • Mentally retarded children whose IQ is below 80
  • Slow learning: children who are slow to learn this means their IQ is between 80-90.
  • Autism: This autistic child has a disruption in development and concentration in thinking.
  • Hyperactivity: this hyperactive child whose behavior cannot be silent/excessive.
  • Gifted: children who are gifted or possess advantages in one / several fields.
  • Genius: children with IQs above 140.

How to parenting guide for inclusion children

1. Give attention to children

This method can be done by parents so that children can develop well and children of course children feel that their parents are always there when they need someone. 

Usually, not all parents can accompany their children because of their busy work, but at least parents can take a moment to accompany their children so that they still feel that their parents love him even though he has shortcomings. 

This method is also to develop their potential and can be socialized with their families and the environment around them and foster confidence.

2. Provide therapy in accordance with expert advice.

Therapy for children with special needs has a variety of ways, all of which are tailored to the needs of children. 

Give therapy in accordance with the diagnosis and advice from a doctor or psychologist. With the right therapy, minimizing children to be able to be independent and optimize their potential against normal children in general.

3. Finding a school that suits the needs and character of the child.

School is an institution needed by everyone, including inclusion children. Special and comfortable schools can certainly help the needs of children to learn many things. Starting from reading, writing, drawing, even the child can channel his talents through teacher guidance.

For those of us who have a normal body, still be grateful because, not everyone has it, with this article, we hope that we can better appreciate children with special needs. So I write this article, hopefully, useful and can be learned. thank you

Author: Laili