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The Basics and Characteristics of Learning Media

The basis of the use of instructional media is divided into two categories, namely:

1) Psychological Foundation
In general, the position of this learning media functions as an intermediary tool or a regulator of messages in learning activities, namely by providing stimulus to students so that students can understand the material conveyed by the teacher, from concepts that are still abstract to a more concrete picture. 
The Basics and Characteristics of Learning Media

A person's attitude and behavior will change, after they gain new knowledge and experience. The use of media in fiqh learning will help students gain new knowledge and experience through the material delivered by the teacher compared to if the teacher only approaches verbally

2) Religious Foundation
Humans have the potential to develop with what they have as well as hearing, vision and heart (mind). Something concrete will be easier to learn than something abstract. Something abstract needs to be concrete. For that learning media needed audio visual inside

Characteristics of Learning Media
Based on several descriptions of the media above, it can be stated general characteristics that contained in the media are:
  1. Educational media have a physical sense known as hardware, which is something that can be seen, heard or touched with the five senses.
  2. Educational media has a non-physical meaning known as software (software), namely the content of the message contained in the hardware which is the content to be conveyed to students.
  3. The emphasis in educational media is on visuals and audio.
  4. Media education has meaning as a tool in the learning process both inside and outside the classroom.
  5. Educational media are used in the context of communication and interaction of teachers and students in the learning process.
  6. Educational media can be used massively (for example on radio, television), large groups and small groups (eg films, slides, videos, OHP), or individuals (for example in modules, computers, radio tapes / tapes, video recorders).
  7. Attitudes, actions, organization, strategy, and management related to the application of a science.