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Humans according to the Al-Qur'an

According to the Qur'an, humans are creatures created by God, so humans come and come from God. The essence of man according to the Koran consists of the physical, spiritual (mind and heart) elements of man where the spiritual element is the core of man.

Humans according to the Al-Qur'an

Al-Qur'an uses four terms to describe humans, namely Basyar, Al-Nas, Bani Adam and Al-insan. The four terms contain different meanings according to the context referred to in the Al-Qur'an.

First, basyar is repeated in the Al-quran 36 times. Term Basyar is used in the Koran to explain that humans are biological beings, as in the example of QS Al-Baqarah verse 187 concerning the command of tkaf in the month of Ramadan and do not mess with his wife while in the period of i'tikaf, and also in QS Ali-Imran verse 47 about making Mary have a child while no one is hanging around her.

Second, the term Al-Nas is repeated in the Qur'an 240 times. Term Al-Nas in the Al-Qur'an to explain that humans are social beings. For example, as stated in QS. Al-Hujurat verse 13 which explains that humans were created by men and women, nationalities and tribes so that they know each other.

Third, the term Bani Adam is repeated in the Qur'an 7 times. The term Bani Adam is used in the Qur'an to show that humans are rational beings, for example in QS. Al-Isra verse 70 which explains about glorifying humans and providing facilities and infrastructure both on land and in the sea.

Fourth, the term Al-insan is repeated in the Qur'an 65 times. The term Al-insan is used in the Al-Qur'an to explain that humans are spiritual beings as stated in QS Al-Dzariatayat 56 which describes humans and jinn created by Allah as nothing but worshiping him.

Meanwhile, according to Ahmad Janan Asifuddin said that humans consist of physical, psychological and spiritual and in the human soul there is a mind that causes humans to be different from animals.